As European authorities were chasing and
discrediting Kurdish opponents of the Turkish regime as suspects of
Mafia relations, a recent traffic accident in Turkey upset all
Ankara-made scenarios by revealing that it is in fact the Turkish
State's rulers themselves that are in genuine transnational Mafia
The road accident occurred on November 3 near
Susurluk, Balikesir; a parliamentary deputy of Mrs Ciller's party
(DYP), a police chief and a Grey Wolf (a criminal belonging to the
neo-fascist MHP's youth organization Ülkü Ocaklari/Idealists Foyers)
were found in the same car.
Grey Wolf Abdullah Catli, who has been sought
for 18 years by the security forces, and the former deputy security
chairman of Istanbul, Hüseyin Kocadag, died in the accident along with
a little heralded woman, Gonca Uz, who is known for her relations with
characters from criminal underworld.
The fourth person in the car, Sedat Bucak, DYP Urfa
deputy and the head of Bucak tribe, the tribe that fills many of the
ranks of the paramilitary forces in the Southeast known as "village
guards", survived the accident with a fractured skull and a broken leg.
In the boot of the wrecked Mercedes, five
pistols of different types and sizes, two MP-5 machine guns, silencers
for these weapons and two listening devices were found. Also in the
wreckage, a green passport and a number of police ID cards were
discovered. An ID card in the name of Mehmet Özbay and a green
passport, normally given to top state officials, were in Catli's
It has been alleged that the only female
victim of the accident, Gonca Uz, the girlfriend of Catli, was involved
in the National Intelligence Organization (MIT). It has also been
learnt that Bucak, when being taken to Balikesir hospital after the
incident talked about a white bag containing TL 10 billion and that
upon this being said members of the Bucak tribe who came to the
incident scene took the bag away from the car.
This togetherness of two top-level State
representatives with an extreme right criminal puts once more in
evidence the major role of the Nationalist Action Party (MHP) in these
What is important for European countries is that the
leaders of this Mafia-type party are very active not only in Turkey,
but also in Europe, and organize spectacular meetings with the
benediction of European, particularly Belgian and German, authorities.
The undermining approach of the Minister of
Interior, Mehmet Agar, who was the general director of the police
before being elected to Parliament on Ciller's ticket, helped to raise
more suspicions regarding the incident. Agar at first claimed that
Abdullah Catli was not in the car. Following the proof that Catli was
among the victims, he shifted his position to make another untrue claim
-- that Kocadag and Bucak were taking Catli to Istanbul to hand over to
When it was asked him whether there will be an
investigation into the incident, Agar said that this was an ordinary
traffic accident and the local authorities would investigate it
according to the traffic procedures. He claimed "there is nothing
special" in the incident.
Next day, however, it was revealed that all the four
victims of the incident had stayed in the same hotel in Kusadasi for
three days before setting off for Istanbul and that the minister's
family too was at that hotel in the same time. In the light of the new
information, Agar had to give up his earlier attempts to cover up and
to resign from his post.
The obvious attempts by the Minister of
Interior to undermine the importance of the road accident which proves
occult relations between the security forces, Grey Wolves and the
special forces in the Southeast, raise the question as to what Agar was
attempting to cover up in his statements.
The possible answer to the question came from
Dogu Perincek, the leader of the left-wing Workers Party (IP), in a
press conference when he claimed that the Minister of Interior and
Deputy Prime Minister Tansu Ciller were at the head of a 700 strong
conspirative organization consisting of the members of security forces,
National Intelligence Organization (MIT), the Ülkücü mafia and the
Perincek also pointed out that he had previously
prepared reports about Ciller's alleged criminal gang and sent them to
the President and the Speaker of the Parliament. Perincek said that he
had mentioned in these reports the involvement of Abdullah Catli as a
key person in the organization, and revealed the name that he bears on
his fake ID cards, Mehmet Özbay. However, these reports were not taken
into consideration by the summit of the State.
Referring to the discoveries in the wreckage
of the car after the accident, Perincek said: "The listening apparatus,
weapons and silencers prove that we are facing a criminal organization.
This illegal organization is linked with the plans of the USA to make
Turkey an intervention force in regions of crisis. This criminal ring
was involved in a coup attempt in Azerbaijan against Haydar Aliev,
which was personally conducted by Abdullah Catli. The US is trying to
create a Turkey-Iran clash in Azerbaijan and Chechnya. But the primary
region of crisis is for now northern Iraq. As the leading members of
this organization, Abdullah Catli and Alaattin Cakici are involved in
this issue. There is also the dimension of drug trafficking in this
The road accident of November 3 is the fourth major
incident which symbolises the mafia-state relations in recent years.
The first of these incidents is the "Civangate"
scandal which began with the armed attack on the former manager of
Emlakbank, Engin Civan, in 1994 over a matter of unpaid loans and
services not rendered. The most important angle of this scandal was the
alleged involvement of the family of the deceased President Turgut Ozal
in the affair.
The second incident was the assassination of
Tevfik Agansoy, a hitman of the Ülkücü mafia boss Alaaddin
Cakici. When he made statements claiming the involvement of Ozal family
in the Civangate scandal, this led to a war of words between himself
and Cakici. The duel was concluded in September this year in Bebek,
Istanbul, with Agansoy's assassination. Two special protection officers
of Deputy Prime Minister Ciller, who were with Agansoy during the
incident were also killed in the shooting. Their presence has not been
The third incident is the discovery of the
Söylemez Brothers mafia gang this summer. The gang was mainly made up
of police and army officers. The head of the gang is helicopter officer
Faysal Söylemez, and among the top officials whose involvement in the
gang are the former deputy chief of Istanbul Police, Deniz Gökcetin,
and the former head of Istanbul Security branch, Sedat Demir.
The traffic accident of November 3 is the
fourth incident which "accidentally" brought together all of these
Abdullah Catli is one of the top names in the
ultra right-wing terrorism of the "Ülkücü" militants of the 1970s; so
were Alaaddin Cakici and Tevfik Agansoy. All these three names were
allegedly involved in MIT operations in the 1980s, including the raid
on the camp of the Armenian guerrilla group ASALA in Beirut in 1982. It
is even alleged that although officially "wanted," Catli was one of the
organizers of the Special Forces formed to be deployed in the Kurdish
conflict in southeastern Turkey.
The Söylemez Brothers gang, on the other hand,
were caught with plans to raid the headquarters of the Bucak clan in
Siverek, Urfa, the head of which is the DYP member of parliament (MP)
Sedat Bucak, the only survivor of November 3 car crash. The blood feud
between the Bucaks and the Söylemez gang is allegedly based on the
control of arms and drugs trafficking in Turkey and particularly in the
A former top MIT officer, Professor Mahir
Kaynak, ruled out any optimism to emerge from the controversial
accident. In a declaration to the Turkish press, he said: "No official
investigation has been carried out into the secrete illegal dealings
within the state so far, although everyone in the street is talking
about them. Only an accident, a coincidence, could bring these
conspiracies onto the official agenda. But I do not expect an
investigation to go far enough because there are no independent powers
able to do this. In Italy, Gladio collapsed with the intervention of
the European Union, not of the Italians. There are no such conditions
in Turkey. If a super-prosecutor like di Pietro came forward in Turkey,
tomorrow he would be dragged through Taksim Square as an enemy of the
TURKEY-BELGIUM SECURITY AGREEMENT
It should be reminded that Interior Minister Agar
who had to resign from his ministerial post for his doubtful relations
with the Mafia was the initiator of a recent security agreement signed
between Turkey and Belgium.
Extending Ankara's dirty war against Kurds into the
Belgian territories, the agreement was signed on July 9 in Ankara by
security chief Alaaddin Yüksel on behalf of Turkey and by General
Commander of Gendarmerie Willy Derrider on behalf of Belgium.
The following is what was reported by the official
Anatolian news agency about this ceremony:
"Yüksel said that the agreement included such areas
as international drug smuggling, terrorism, organized crimes,
cooperation on illegal migration, illegal workers, expert training and
the appointment of liaison teams.
"Derrider stated his confidence that the measures
would be put into force rapidly and said that despite the differences
between the two countries, efficient liaison would bring about
"Asked his opinion of the pro-Kurdish private
television channel, MED TV, broadcasting from Belgium, Derrider
answered that the Belgian police would do its best as soon as they had
"The Belgian security chief acknowledged the
presence of PKK offices in Belgium. He said the representations were
being watched but cautioned that his department had limited authority
because it was a political matter.
"When a journalist confronted him with the fact that
Belgium has files on over 100,000 Turkish citizens in Belgium, Derrider
responded that such files were compiled on Belgian citizens too. It was
part of a successful effort to understand the structure of the Turkish
community, he said.
"After the ceremony, Derrider and Yüksel met with
Interior Minister Mehmet Agar. Agar said that the large number of Turks
in Belgium and the rise in terrorist activity there made cooperation
between the two countries all the more important."
REPRESSIVE OPERATION AGAINST MED-TV IN BELGIUM
Two months after the signature of this new police
agreement between Belgium and Turkey, on September 17, Belgian security
forces launched a very extensive operation against the Kurdish
institutions, mainly against the Med-TV studios. Just while Belgian
people were upset in learning the unbelievable laxity of Belgian
security forces and justice in the dramatic pedophilia affair, this
anti-Kurdish operation was presented to the media as a praiseworthy
performance of the Belgian gendarmerie in fight against the evil.
What is more unbelievable, certain Belgian
newspapers, crediting only the version of the Gendarmerie and the
Turkish regime, made their best to discredit Kurdish institutions in
Belgium. They continued to justify this anti-Kurd operation even after
the release of all suspsects by the justice.
It is very well known that the Turkish regime, who
has banned since 70 years the use of Kurdish language in Turkey,
resorts to all means to stop the airing the only Kurdish TV even from
the United Kingdom or the United States. Unfortunately, the Belgian
media preferred not to talk of this side of the Med-TV operation.
For example, a press conference on September 26 by
the President of the Journalists' Union of Kurdistan, Günay Aslan, who
had been imprisoned for years in Turkey for his opinions and is
currently a grand reporter of the Med-TV, did not find any echo in the
Belgian media. Günay said:
"On September 17th 1996, security forces of Belgium
raided the premises of Roj PTY Ltd. an international press
organisation. Roj PTY Ltd. distributes, through Med-TV, news and
informs the world public about the human rights violations and the
oppression of Turkey, Iran and Iraq on the Kurdish people.
"As a result of this raid, doors and windows of Roj
premises were broken violently and its computers and technical
equipment have been destroyed.
"During the raid, journalists working at the Roj PTY
LTD. (a production, information and documentation campaign) who are
also members of our union were treated very badly and roughly and as if
the hand cuffs were not enough of a bad treatment they were pulled on
the ground. This must have not been adequate for the Belgium government
departments because they later sealed off the building of Roj PTY LTD.
where approximately 100 Kurdish journalists earned a living.
"The reason for this violent attack by the Belgium
security forces and judicial department being the money laundry of
MED-TV. There has been a wave of terror on the MED-TV and Roj PTY LTD.
Money coming from unknown sources was shown as the reason.
"However, claims as such could have been
investigated within the frame work of legality. Appointed personnel and
inspectors by the Belgium government departments could have inspected
the bank accounts and financial books of the MED-TV and Roj. If the
result of such investigation was in breach of law, the necessary legal
actions could have then been taken. "Yet, on the
contrary, the laws were broken by the terrorising action. Furthermore,
the government departments responsible for the operations have also
conducted a campaign of misinformation. As a result, Kurds in Belgium
are declared as potential threats so that any terrorist attacks on the
Kurds can be justified.
"As the Journalist' Union of Kurdistan, we have
followed the matter with great anxiety. What has increased our anxiety
was the Belgium press which we have long admired the democracy
tradition it has followed, to be a tool in this repulsive and
"Belgium newspapers and TV channels tried to show
baseless claims and lies as the reason, most of which have been created
by the Turkish state. The victimised side is tried to be shown as the
"It is clear that the Belgium media in this plot
against the Kurdish organisation, have been in a shameful position from
the point of view of the freedom of press. We ask our Belgian
colleagues who have been a tool in this victimising campaign of Turkish
government (and Belgium government being in co-operation) to reflect
"Turkish state diplomatically continues in its
efforts to close down MED-TV which has an unbiased and multicultural
broadcasting concept. Threatening, blackmailing and bribing which the
Turkish state diplomacy is based on, unfortunately, had a positive
effect on some of the European governments. We really wonder what the
Belgium government's interest was from the Turkish state.
"What led us think in this manner was the visit of
the Belgium Ambassador in London to the ministry of foreign affairs and
asked the cancellation of the MED TV license in August.
"According to the information we have, Turkish state
bought military equipment and air defence systems. The result of our
investigation showed that the Ministry of Defence of Belgium will give
military equipment to Turkey via French Tomson Company to overcome any
legal obstacles. This is a critical situation.
"First of all, Belgium government does not allow arm sales to countries
where human rights violations occur. The Turkish state's despotic and
anti-democratic attitude is well known by the whole world. Hence, the
European Parliament just recently postponed the financial assistant to
Turkey. Amnesty International is about to start a campaign against
Turkish state for its ongoing human rights violations.
"In order to be able to sell arms to a country where
human right violations occur so often, Belgium government displayed an
example of double-standard by attacking tens of millions of Kurdish
people's democratic voice; the MED-TV and Roj PTY LTD.
"I invite Belgium press institutions and democratic
public opinion to protect the democracy and freedom of press in this
country. As you know that on 24 September 14 Kurdish prisoners in
Diyarbakir are killed by the state forces. The closure of MED TV has
encouraged Turkish state to do such attacks. We present this for the
information of Belgium Press in its baseless campaign on MED TV. The
closure of Med-TV has encouraged the Turkish State in its attacks.
"The Journalist's Union of Kurdistan demands the
Belgian government to allow the use of Roj premises, return all its
technical equipment and Roj PTY LTD. to continue with its activities.
In addition to this, all the damages must be compensated."
A BLOODY FASCIST: HONORABLE GUEST IN BELGIUM AND GERMANY
As Kurdish opponents were undergoing the repression
by Belgian and German security services in the name of fighting Mafia
activities, MHP Chairman Alparslan Türkes whose militants have actively
been involved in Mafia activities recently came to these countries for
creating a world-wide structure of his neo-fascist movement.
First, on May 11, Türkes attended as the guest of
honor to the 5th Grand Congress of the Belgian section of the
Türk-Federasyon (Federation of Democratic Idealist Turkish
Associations) in Hasselt and delivered a speech on the "unavoidable"
triumph of his Turkist movement all over the world. His speech was very
often interrupted by about 3 thousand Grey Wolves shouting slogans such
as "Tell us to die, we shall die! Tell us to hit, we shall hit!"
During these frenetic demonstrations, Turkish
Embassy's Cultural Attaché Tolga Yarman and the Mayor of Hasselt, Jef
Gabriels, too were present in the congress hall. According to Hürriyet
of May 13, Gabriels, first addressing to the congress and later
personally chatting with Türkes, promised to give more support to them.
Not only in Hasselt, but also in Brussels,
Türk-Federasyon has a privileged position in Turkish immigration
because of the Turkish Embassy's special support and the Belgian
authorities' tolerance. Türk-Federasyon is currently taking part in a
coalition of Embassy-oriented Turkish associations in order to organize
a Turkish Day in Brussels in 1997. According to Hürriyet of September
26, Turkish Day will be celebrated mainly in Schaerbeek of which the
mayor declared committed to give all municipal support for the success
of this event.
During the football match between Turkish and
Belgian national teams at the Heysel Stadium on August 31, Grey Wolves
were allowed to open their flags with three crescents and this
gratuitous propaganda of the Turkish neo-fascist movement were largely
transmitted by Belgian and Turkish televisions.
It is the same movement that sent more than 3
thousand Grey Wolves to Cyprus for defending the Green Line against
Greek demonstrators and savagely assassinated two of them before the TV
cameras on August 11 and 14.
Encouraged by the laxity of Turkish and European
authorities, the MHP recently decided to legalise its activities in a
new structure covering all the world.
The European congress of Türk-Federasyon held with
the participation of 15 thousand Grey Wolves on October 5 in Essen
(Germany) decided to set up a world organization under the name of
Dünya Türk-Konfederasyonu (World-wide Turkish Confederation).
Türkes was again the guest of honour of this
"historical" congress and Turkish Ambassador Volkan Vural, with his
participation, gave once more the proof of the Turkish State's open
support to this neo-fascist organization.
With this new world-wide structure and thanks to the
open benediction of the Turkish and European authorities, Grey Wolves
will easily enlarge their Mafia relations throughout the world under
the guise of uniting all Turkish-speaking people, either from Central
Asia or from Europe, America and Australia, under the three crescents
flag of a Turkish empire headed by Anatolian Turks.
Isn't it their chief, Türkes, who had already said
at a party meeting in Antalya: "After the collapse of the Soviet Union,
the Turkish states have gained their independence. Now everybody asks:
'Hell! If 210 millions Turks are united, what will be our future?' They
feel afraid. Let them do! In a very near future it will be a reality.
The sun of 210 million Turks will soon rise. The 21st century will be a
Turkish century!" (Tercüman, May 13, 1992).
Now it turns out that the rising sun is not the sun
of 210 million Turks, but the sun of a handful Grey Wolves developing
their Mafia relations with the benediction of Turkish and European
MILITARIST-ISLAMIST COALITION DOUBLES ARMY BUDGET
A new proof of the Militarist-Islamist complicity
has been given by the government with the 1997 budget proposal
presented by Finance Minister Abdüllatif Sener on October 18 in Ankara.
The defense allocations for 1997 were set at TL 671 trillion ($7
billion) double the sum for the current year. Together with the
expenditures for the gendarmery and police services (TL290 trillion)
and for the justice (TL63 trillion), the total share of the repressive
institutions rises to TL 1,024 trillion ($10.8 billion).
The budget draft targets a TL 6.255 quadrillion
($658 billion) GNP, with a 78.2 percent increase from last year's
Interest payments on foreign and domestic debt take
a 29.8 percent share in overall expenditures.
Prime Minister Necmettin Erbakan said that the 1997
budget that envisages a zero deficit would relieve the treasury from
the requirement of domestic borrowing at the current high interest
rates. "The new budget is the first balanced budget in Turkey for the
past 50 years. This is a revolution," Erbakan said.
The government forecasted the 1997 year-on-year
wholesale inflation rate to be 57.7 percent. This year's forecast was
for 65 percent, but is expected to be somewhere around 80 percent.
Since the economic crisis of 1994 when the economy
shrunk by 6 percent and the IMF-backed austerity plan of that year, the
growth rate for 1995 was 8 percent and in 1996 estimated as 7.5
percent. The draft budget forecasts growth in 1997 to be 4 percent.
The government will try to finance public deficits
through tax revenues, forecast to be TL 4.368 quadrillion. Other
unnamed revenues were estimated at TL 1.445 quadrillion, special
investment and fund revenues at TL 425 trillion and annexed budget
revenues at TL 17 trillion.
Civil service wages are expected to account for the
greatest part of expenditures at TL 1.675 quadrillion, followed by
transfer expenditures at TL 3.385 quadrillion, other expenditures TL
669 trillion and investment expenditures at TL 524.6 trillion.
This year's budget forecasts an average dollar rate
of TL 135,000. This year's forecast was TL 81,250.
The budget forecasts imports to rise to $50 billion
in 1997. The target for 1996 was $37.5 billion. Exports are forecast to
rise to $29.5 billion, up from the 1996 target of $25 billion.
THE MILITARY SATISFIED WITH ERBAKAN'S SUPPORT TO THE ARMY
The Erbakan government is reportedly planning to
sign military agreements envisaging defense industry cooperation with
Britain, Spain, Ukraine, China and Bangladesh in the coming months. It
is also evaluating the possibility of reaching such accords with three
Muslim countries -- Malaysia, Indonesia and Turkmenistan -- aiming to
boost ties in the defense field, reported the Turkish Daily News of
According to this newspaper, military sources have
voiced their satisfaction with Prime Minister Necmettin Erbakan's views
on encouraging the Turkish defense industry to build the capability to
survive by itself in the future and his plans to cooperate with another
countries in the defense field. Erbakan reportedly said recently that
he looked warmly on the controversial Turco-Israeli agreement, as it
seemed to be good for Turkey. He also said that Turkey should increase
its local input in the defense industry.
Military officials earlier had noted that at present
only 21 percent of the main weapons, equipment and spare parts needed
by the Turkish Armed Forces could be met by domestic production, with
the remaining 79 percent supplied from abroad.
In recent years other countries have started to show
an interest in Turkey's developing defense industry. Low labor costs
are an advantage for Turkey in attracting buyers from other countries.
This year a series of military training and defense
industry cooperation agreements signed between Turkey and Israel
sparked a row and angered Arab countries throughout the Middle East who
called it a betrayal of solidarity against the Jewish state. Turkey
later rebuffed the criticism, saying it was based on a misunderstanding
of the terms of the agreement.
WILL 10 SUPER COBRA HELICOPTERS BE SENT TO TURKEY?
According to a US specialised magazine in the field
of the military industry, Defense News, Turkey is to purchase 145
assault helicopters, valued at $3 billion, over the next ten years,
reported the Anatolian News Agency. Super Cobra producer Bell
Helicopter Textron Company, McDonnell Douglas Corp., Boeing Co.,
Sikorsky Aircraft and Eurocopter firms are competing with each other in
supplying the helicopters.
Turkey has already concluded some deals with Textron
and received ten Super Cobra helicopters. The delivery of a second part
of 10 Super Cobra helicopters was suspended for about a year by the
U.S. administration due to pressure from human rights groups.
However, senior officials from the maker of the
Cobra, Bell-Textron Co., who visited Turkey for bilateral talks with
defense authorities said on October 9 that they were confident that
after the U.S. presidential elections the U.S. Congress -- with a
slightly changed composition -- would approve the delivery of the ten
Super Cobra helicopters by March 1997.
According to earlier reports, the United Auto
Workers (UAW) labor union and around 30 congressmen who promised to
vote for Turkey were trying hard to win approval for the sale of the
helicopters to Turkey. The union's representatives, under pressure from
workers, had talked with U.S. President Bill Clinton about the issue,
To date, a total of 10 AH-1W Super Cobra attack
helicopters have been purchased under two separate contracts worth $135
million, signed in 1990 and 1993 respectively with Bell-Textron. If
approved by Congress the latest deal will bring the number of Super
Cobra AH-1W helicopters to 20.
On the other hand Turkey is reportedly finalizing
plans to buy 20 military cargo helicopters. According to sources who
asked not to be identified, the final choice is to be made shortly
between the competing Boeing CH-47 and the Sikorsky CH-53. The purchase
will cost Turkey an estimated $500 million.
Turkey requires the heavy-lift copters to allow it
to transport brigade-size units along with logistical support at short
notice, military sources said.
The Sikorsky Black Hawks and Eurocopter Cougars the
Turkish Army currently uses are both designed for light lifting and
personnel transport and cannot handle heavy payloads such as artillery,
jeeps and fuel.
Meanwhile, the second phase of a project for 30
Cougar helicopters which Turkey had decided to buy from France using 30
percent local input could be suspended as Turkey reconsiders its
"WHO KILLED COLONEL ÖZDEN?" ASKS HIS WIFE
Tomris Özden, the wife of the deceased commander of
the Mardin Provincial Gendarmerie Regiment, Colonel Ridvan Özden,
declared on October 17 that she had exhausted her hopes for a just
investigation into the circumstances of her husband's death and that
she will bring her demand for a post-mortem on Colonel Özden's body to
the European Court of Human Rights.
Mrs Özden said in a press conference that whilst
according to law, any post-mortem demand should be acted upon within
one month, her insistent demands for a thorough independent examination
of her husband's body have been turned down continuously by the Turkish
authorities, including Eyüp Public Prosecutor's Office and the High
Council of Judges and Prosecutors.
Colonel Ridvan Özden was killed on August 14, 1995,
in Mardin and his death was officially declared to have occurred during
an armed clash with the outlawed PKK. Mrs Özden said that she had
always suspected the official account and she received many letters
from her husband's friends in the armed services claiming that the
Colonel was the victim of an internal conflict within the army.
Before his death, Colonel Özden had an officer
charged by the court for executing captured PKK guerrillas and he
vocally opposed the burning down of villages by the soldiers. Mrs Özden
said, "My husband was telling me everyday prior to his death that he
was in disagreement with his colleagues and that he was expecting to
Mrs Özden said that she received many letters from
army officers suggesting that her husband was "executed" by "dark
forces" within the army which vindicate her doubts about the
circumstances of Colonel Özden's death.
"I am not prepared to disclose the names of the
writers of these letters", she said, "because I do not trust the state.
Just as my husband was eliminated these people may be eliminated too."
THE TRIAL OF 41 HADEP OFFICIALS BEGAN AT ANKARA
The trial of HADEP (The People's Democracy Party)
Chairman Murat Bozlak and 40 other party officials began on September
25 before the Ankara State Security Court in connection with the
party's June 23 congress in which some persons tore down the Turkish
flag and replaced it with PKK banners and portraits of its leader.
Bozlak and 23 party officials are charged with
forming an illegal armed organization, and if convicted they will
receive sentences of up to 22.5 years. Meanwhile 17 other party members
are facing up to 15 years in prison if they are convicted of being
members of an illegal armed organization.
In his indictment, the prosecutor claimed that the
HADEP was in fact the political wing of the PKK and the HADEP congress
turned into a PKK propaganda event. He also said that party chairman
Bozlak did not even bother to interrupt his speech when the Turkish
flag was thrown to the floor and the banner of the PKK and posters of
its leader were hung in its place.
The indictment goes on to explain that illegal
banners were displayed during the congress and many illegal documents
clearly linking HADEP to the PKK were seized when the party's offices
in Ankara were searched.
Top HADEP officials, including Chairman Murat
Bozlak, have denied all charges against them and said that the flag
tearing incident took place completely outside the control of party
officials. They claim that the press reported the incident in a frenzy
of "exaggeration, conceit and chauvinism."
The defendant attorneys said the case is outside the
jurisdiction of the SSC because it is HADEP itself that is on trial and
claimed that the Constitutional Court should try the case.
Two individuals who are accused of actually tearing
down the Turkish flag, Faysal Akcan and Giyasettin Mordeniz, were later
included into the trial. They face capital punishment according to
article 125 of the Penal Code which punishes "crimes against the
personality of the State".
The trial has already drawn domestic and foreign
human rights activists and politicians.
The Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe
has called for an end to the prosecution of the HADEP officials, the
Anatolia news agency reported on September 26.
A draft proposal prepared by nine members of the
Socialist group demanded that Turkey halt the litigation of the HADEP
officials charged with being PKK members. The draft resolution calls
for the release of all HADEP defendants.
The bill also demands that the Turkish government
"quit some of its practices in its prisons," referring to hunger
strikes by inmates.
The draft resolution will be discussed at the
Assembly's Presidential Board to determine if it should be placed on
the general assembly's agenda.
TUNCELI DEPRIVED OF ALL HUMAN RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS
A group of Republican People's Party (CHP) deputies
having visited the Tunceli province, Algan Hacaloglu, Ercan Karakas,
Orhan Veli Yildirim and Mustafa Yilmaz, on October 25, announced that
the population of this province is completely deprived of their
fundamental rights and asked to put an end to their oppression.
The deputies noted that since October 1994, 287 of
the 417 villages in Tunceli have been evacuated totally by the security
forces. They said, "Houses and the animal sheds have been destroyed,
many of these have been burned down. Pastures have been sealed off.
Crops have been destroyed. Beehives, walnut groves, oak growing areas
which supply wood, and vegetable gardens have been seized from the
hands of the citizens. A great part of these citizens are now
unemployed, hungry and miserable, left out in the open without
dwellings in winter conditions, without any protection. They are
struggling to survive in unhealthy conditions not compatible with human
The CHP deputies stressed that the people of the
region could not understand why they are being "subjected to this
cruelty". Some of them are appalled because they have applied to the
governor's office, to the interior ministry, or directly to the prime
ministry but have not received any reply in the past two years.
Of the province's 268 primary schools, 242 remain
closed. There is only one specialised doctor in the hospitals. Despite
the "record unemployment" in the province, the prime ministry is
keeping vacant some 1,500 of the positions assigned to the official
departments in the province.
The deputies stressed that people are frustrated
because of the injustices, lack of law, and pressures arising from the
"racist and fundamentalist structuring of the special security teams"
and from the "inadequacy of the education level" of those civilians who
become regular members of the security forces by choice after
completing their mandatory military service.
The four deputies stressed that it is unacceptable
to enforce a "food embargo" and "food rationing" on tens of thousands
of people on the grounds of "fighting against terrorism". They called
for an immediate end to this "shame on the state, this shame on the
humanity and these human rights violations". They urged the government
to let the farmers return to their villages immediately and provide
them with financial aid. They said, "We want the state to turn to its
citizens its peaceful, warm and affectionate face."
HIGH COURT ORDERS RETRIAL OF SIVAS ARSONISTS
The Court of Cassation ruled on October 3 that the
trial of 124 people accused of involvement in the arson attack on a
hotel in Sivas in 1993 which killed 37 people including writers,
musicians and artists must be re-opened. The Appeals Court ruling means
that many of the accused will be retried for crimes which demand a
longer period of imprisonment, and in some cases, capital punishment.
The Criminal Chamber No. 9 reversed verdicts given
by Ankara State Security Court No. 1 and ordered that 42 of the
defendants be tried under Article 146 of the Penal Code calling for
capital punishment for those who attempt to alter the constitutional
order of the state with armed force.
The Ankara State Security Court had given 15 years
imprisonment to 41 of those defendants and ordered the acquittal of
another. All 42 now face another trial.
The new ruling also calls for 39 other defendants to
be retried on charges of participating in the attempt to alter the
constitutional order of the state by armed force under paragraph 3 of
the same article. This offence calls for prison terms ranging from
between five to 15 years.
The court also said that the Ankara State Security
Court had been unjustified in reducing some sentences on the grounds of
provocation. The earlier decision had said that the presence and
actions of Aziz Nesin in Sivas had amounted to provocation of the
The higher court, however, held that the slogans
which were steadily chanted during the incidents resembled those
chanted by members of outlawed organizations in other incidents and
showed that such actions were carried out in line with the same purpose
and strategy and within an organization.
Poets, writers and bards were in Sivas on July 2,
1993, to take part in a cultural symposium in which famous writer and
humorist Aziz Nesin played a leading role. Rioters set fire to a hotel
in central Sivas where they were staying to protest against Nesin's
presence. He had been widely criticised for translating and publishing
some sections of Salman Rushdie's Satanic Verses in an Istanbul
newspaper; Rushdie has been condemned to death by a fatwa or Islamic
religious decree. Nesin was one of the few survivors of the fire. He
died of a heart attack, unrelated to the arson attack in July of 1995.
The case will now be reheard at the Ankara State
Security Court under sections of the Penal Code specified by the
Appeals Court in its verdict.
However, if the Ankara State Security Court insists
on its initial ruling, the dispute will be examined by the United
Criminal Chambers of the High Appeals Court. The verdict of this
chamber is not appealable. It will be final and binding.
POLICE LISTENING IN PHONE CALLS WITH SSC PERMISSION
A State Security Court (SSC) in Ankara has, in two
separate rulings, empowered the police to collect all necessary data on
all telephone subscribers, and to connect all the necessary technical
equipment to PTT or private telephone exchanges in order to listen in
on all telephone conversations, including those on automobile and
mobile cellular phones.
The police, according to the Turkish Daily News of
September 10, have been using these powers for over a year and a
half now, and have been monitoring all telephone conversations in eight
major provinces of Turkey. The scope of the rulings covers Ankara,
Samsun, Bolu, Zonguldak, Kastamonu, Amasya, Corum and Bartin.
Republican Peoples' Party (CHP) deputy Sabri Ergül
said he would appeal to the European Court of Human Rights to have the
decision empowering the police to listen into all telephone
conversations to be deemed illegal.
European Court of Human Rights.
Ergül said Turkey was on its way to becoming a
police state. A former police chief had informed him that the police
are listening to telephone conversations of businessmen and remarked
that under current law the police do not have such jurisdiction.
THE NEW ALEVIS' PARTY (DBH) UNDER MENACE
A new political party founded by a group of Alevis
community in Turkey, the Democratic Peace Movement (DBH), has
immediately faced the menace of being forbidden by the Constitutional
The Chief Prosecutor's office has started a legal
proceeding to close the DBH on grounds that the party program
contradicts the law for political parties. The party program said that
the Directorate of Religious Affairs should cease to be a state agency
and instead be handed over to believers.
In fact, the Alevis community in Turkey, about 20
million, are not being represented at the Directorate of Religious
Affairs and their cult is subject to a discrimination in the face of
the Sunnite majority.
DBH Chairman Mehmet Eti, holding a press conference
on October 27, said that Turkey should find a way out of being a
country which closes down political parties. He pointed out the party
defends democracy and secularism in its regulations and program and
deems secularism to be indispensable for democracy.
GREENPEACE DEMONSTRATION ENDS IN DETENTION
The international environmental organization
Greenpeace held a demonstration, on October 4, at the thermal power
plant in Kemerköy, Gökova, which had been kept open despite a court
order for its closure.
Greenpeace activists walked to the main gates of the
powerhouse wearing white clothing and holding banners saying "Enough"
and then chained themselves to the powerhouse gates. The guards,
failing to persuade the activists to unchain themselves, called for the
gendarme forces who used chain saws to cut the chains.
Meanwhile, it was reported that three activists had
managed to penetrate the facility's grounds and had placed a banner
near the chimneys of the building. All the activists were detained.
Melda Keskin, energy campaign official from the
Greenpeace Mediterranean Office, said that the demonstration was held
to speed the closure of the facility. The continued operation of the
plant was unlawful, she said.
"The power plants in Kemerkoy, Yatagan and Yeniköy
are being run falsely as 'trial production' operation without
permission. Our aim is to close down all power plants operating on coal
and show officials, who claim that nuclear power plants are clean, that
the current energy policy is a dead end. I do not see nuclear plants as
an alternative to power plants operating on coal. Nuclear plants pose a
greater danger with their waste," she added.
TURKEY'S TOP CAPITALIST'S REMAINS STOLEN
Turkey's leading industrialist who died eight months
ago were stolen by unidentified persons October 23 night. The
aggressors later fled, leaving Koc's grave at Istanbul's Zincirlikuyu
cemetery uncovered. Only a piece of the shroud remains at the site.
Police detained for interrogation four cemetery
guards along with two persons hired by the Koc family to look after the
grave, but there is no clue as to the identity of the grave robbers. A
person phoned the daily Hürriyet's premises on October 24 night and
said, "We abducted the body for ransom. We demand TL 500 billion."
THREE FOREIGN TOURISTS ON TRIAL FOR AIDING PKK
Three foreign tourists arrested on charges of aiding
the PKK, were brought to trial in the southeastern town of Diyarbakir,
the Anatolia news agency reported on October 10.
The three foreign nationals of the United States,
Poland and Iran were arrested by security forces in the eastern
province of Bingöl on September 22.
The three were brought before the Diyarbakir State
Security Court where they pleaded innocent to the charges. Although the
court ordered their release, American Christopher Michael Mrozowski,
Polish Maldena Glowacka and Iranian Jamel Kartili will be tried without
STATE TERRORISM IN TWO MONTHS
1.8, security forces detain four PKK militants in
1.8, in Izmir, a local office of the Workers' Party
(IP) becomes the target of a bomb attack.
2.8, in Lice (Diyarbakir), Abdüllatif Bayhan claims
to have been tortured together with his wife, Vahide Bayhan, and his
5-year old son.
2.8, in Iskenderun, Dr. Nezihi Galioglu claims to
have been tortured after being taken to a police station on July 29. A
medical report certifies that his arm and some fingers were broken
2.8, in Izmir, an official of the Municipal
Employees' Trade Union is detained together with eight other people.
3.8, in Sarigöl (Manisa), a military patrol is
accused of having killed under torture 27-year old peasant Servet
Sürücü whom they forced to indicate the whereabouts of a suspect.
3.8, in Tunceli, one of the 50 richest businessmen
of Turkey, Celal Yasar, is taken into custody on charges of giving aid
to the illegal organizations such as PKK and TIKKO. Among other 40
people detained together with Yasar are also Tunceli Provincial
Assembly member Hasan Günes and another businessman Yasar Simsek.
3.8, in Bismil, the houses of two HADEP
sympathizers, Rahim Dag and Zeki Dag, are raided by security forces.
Following this operation, 20 people are taken into custody.
3.8, in Siirt, eight people are taken into custody
for illegal activities.
4.8, detainee Fuat Önder is found dead in the
Tomarza prison of the province of Kayseri. Mother Azize Önder accuses
the prison administration of having assassinated her son.
4.8, in Yüksekova, two passengers and a 6-year old
boy playing in the street are killed at the explosion of a bomb place
in a car. Besides, three children are wounded at the incident.
4.8, security forces detain nine people in Siirt and
four people in Van for illegal activities.
5.8, the Diyarbakir SSC Prosecutor indicts Vezir
Perisan, local chairman of the Municipal Employees' Trade Union
(Belediye-Is), and Enver Ölmez, local secretary of the Highway Workers'
Trade Union (Yol-Is). Both are accused of giving support to the PKK.
6.8, in Ankara, five alleged members of the DHKP-C
are detained. Same day, the Izmir SSC places under arrest nine people
for taking part in the activities of the Devrimci Kurtulus.
6.8, in Mersin, five people are detained during a
police raid to a house.
6.8, the mutilated body of 20-year old Necip Avci is
found wrapped in a graveyard of Diyarbakir. He is reportedly a victim
of the conflicts between two fractions of the Islamist Hizbullah
6.8, in Hakkari, three officials of the Democracy
and Peace Party (DBP) are taken into police custody.
7.8, the Ankara SSC places under arrest eight people
who were taken into police custody in July.
7.8, Altun Calim and Zülküf Calim are found
assassinated on the Diyarbakir-Ergani highway.
7.8, the daily Demokrasi reports the arrest of some
army officers and NCOs on charges of supporting some illegal
organizations. The IHD claims that one of the detainee, Sergeant Mehmet
Peker was hospitalised because of the torture he underwent.
7.8, in Bolu, two teachers, Ramazan Kaman and Fikret
Konca, as well as a school technician, Mahir Koparan, are indicted for
having participated in a protest action organized by the Confederation
of the Public Servants' Trade Unions (KESK).
8.8, in Adana, security forces raiding the house of
a Kurdish family shoot dead two babies, Dilan Bayram and Berivan
Bayram, along with three people, Ridvan Altun, Abdurrahman Sari and
Ömer Bayram. HADEP local chairman Yusuf Tuncer accuses the security
forces of having performed a new execution without trial.
8.8, in Istanbul, Hamza Capkurt claims to have been
tortured by police after being detained one day ago. In Ankara, Serdar
Karakul says that he was subjected to torture for accepting to become a
police informer. IHD Ankara Section announces that since the beginning
of 1995 about 30 youths have claimed to be subjected to torture on the
8.9, after a series of operations in Kocaeli,
Yalova, Sakarya, Bolu and Zonguldak, ten people including some members
of the Labour Party (EP) are taken into custody on charges of being
members of the underground Revolutionary Communist Party of Turkey
(TDKP). Some detainees claims to have been subjected to torture.
8.9, in Diyarbakir, IHD member Hanefi Isik is taken
into police custody. Earlier, he had been kept in custody for two
9.10, in Milas, security forces arrest nine people
in a quarter inhabited by Kurds.
10.8, in Istanbul, security forces take into custody
about a hundred people during the funeral ceremony for MLKP militant
Ali Haydar Gökcek who was shot dead by police.
11.8, in Mersin, Halil Celik claims to have been
taken by security personnel to the local of the Nationalist Action
Party (MHP) and tortured there because he was Kurd.
12.8, in Hakkari, peasant Rahman Ecer claims to have
been tortured during his detention at the Gendarmery station after
12.8, in Dargecit (Mardin), the chairman of the
Social Aid and Solidarity Foundation, Semsettin Gezici, and another
person named Ahmet Ay are shot dead by a military team after being
taken into custody on charges of aiding separatist movement. The
parents of both victims claim that they had already been subjected to
menaces and harassments by security forces.
12.8, unidentified assailants raid and destroy HADEP
Balcova office in Izmir and the Workers' Party (IP) local office in
14.8, the prosecutor of the Beyoglu district in
Istanbul starts a legal proceeding against 680 people for taking part
in some protest actions in solidarity with the families of disappeared
detainees. Under the charge of demonstrating without permission, each
faces a prison term of up to three years.
13.8, in Birecik, peasant Zekeriya Polat claims to
have been tortured after his detention by police on August 6.
13.8, in Turgutlu, four children aged from nine to
15 years are detained in relation with the destruction of an Atatürk
bust in a school garden.
14.8, security forces, during a series of repressive
operations in Ankara, detain HADEP official Besbine Ürper and the
Ankara Secretary of the Finances Employee's Union (Tüm Maliye Sen).
Same day, in Istanbul police raid HADEP local secretary Hüseyin
Bilgili's house and beat hem together with his wife Zeyi Bilgili and
his father Ali Bilgili.
14.8, in Bingöl, 60 people including some HADEP
officials and members are taken into police custody.
14.9, in Sivas, 14 members of the Aczmendi
brotherhood are detained for acting against the Law on attire. Same day
in Antalya, six people are taken into custody on charges of being
members of the Islamic Movement Organization.
15.8, an 18-month imprisonment against a former
member of Parliament, Hasan Mezarci, is ratified by the Court of
Cassation. Mezarci was condemned at the beginning of this year for
having insulted Atatürk.
15.8, five people are indicted by the Istanbul SSC
prosecutor for having participated in the actions of the Revolutionary
Communists' Union of Turkey (TIKB). Each faces a prison term of up to
15.8, in Van, security forces raiding a number of
houses take thirty people into custody.
15.8, in the district of Baglarbasi (Diyarbakir),
security forces raiding a house shoot dead Naci Karatay and Fehmi
Tosun, accused of being PKK members.
16.8, two NCOs, Mehmet Peker and Ibrahim Dag are
taken into custody after being expelled from the Army on charges of
taking part in PKK actions. Same day, in Istanbul, three people are
taken into custody for being PKK members.
17.8, police detain a number of HADEP officials in
Kumluca (Antalya) and in Istanbul.
18.8, in Mersin, 30-year old Muzaffer Adiyaman puts
himself on fire in protest against the fact that he was tortured for 21
days and sexually harassed by two policemen after his detention on June
19.8, the dailies Demokrasi and Evrensel report that
in Tunceli 28 year-old Mazlum Mensuroglu was killed by security forces
on August 15 after his eyes were extracted under torture.
19.8, three HADEP officials, Mehmet Salih Yalcin,
Necla Hazar and Diyadin Özboga are taken into custody in Antalya.
20.8, in Istanbul, security forces raiding a house
shoot dead Senem Adali and Mohammed Kaya on charges of being members of
the DHKP-C. The parents of the victims deny their alleged relation with
the DHKP-C and accuse the police of carrying out summary execution.
20.8, in Kulp (Diyarbakir), the special teams are
accused of shooting dead Mehmet Odun whom they detained and throwing
his corpse into a well.
20.8, in Istanbul, Sevgi Toka claims that her son
Kemal Toka was tortured by police after his detention on August 17.
20.8, the trial of 137 people, relatives of
political prisoners, begins at a penal court of Ankara. They are
accused of having carried out unauthorised demonstration against the
ill-treatment in prisons.
20.8, in Diyarbakir, Harun Cayir is assassinated by
21.8, security forces detain five HADEP officials in
Adiyaman and six in Durankaya (Hakkari). Same day, the 65-year old
headman of the village of Cukurcayi in Erzurum, Giyasettin Aytekin, is
taken into custody for aiding the PKK.
21.8, in Cukurca (Hakkari), Semra Seven (19) and two
children, Fatih Seven (5) and Selim Seven (6) are killed by rockets
that security forces fired.
22.8, in Van, the chairman of the Union of Tradesmen
and Handicraftsmen, Sevket Alparslan is shot dead by unidentified
gunmen. Same day in Sivas, a CHP official, Mustafa Totos who was
kidnapped earlier is found assassinated.
22.8, in Bingöl, the president of the HADEP Women
Committee, Mrs. Müzeyyen Kaya is taken into police custody.
22.8, in Kulp, Tevfik Karaaslan, Ihsan Donat and
Vehbi Kilic are killed in the explosion of a mine placed by security
24.8, in Tuzla, security forces attacking the
workers of a leather factory on sit-in since 67 days, wound 15 workers
and take 28 workers into custody.
25.8, in Turhal, two people are detained on charges
of serving to the DHKP/C.
27.8, security forces detain ten people for
participating in the activities of the Revolutionary People's Party
28.8, in Antakya, the Provincial Council decides to
start legal proceedings against 237 teachers for having taken part in
some protest actions.
28.8, tribunals place under arrest six members of
the DHKP/C in Denizli, two MLKP members in Izmir and a PRK member in
29.8, in Mardin, four children are killed at the
explosion of a bomb left at a waste area by the military.
29.8, a prisoner named Yunus Yaman dies at the
Numune Hospital of Ankara. Although the police claim that Yaman's death
was due to his sickness, the victim's father, Mehmet Yaman says his son
was subjected to torture for weeks after his arrest four months ago in
a mountainous area between Diyarbakir and Elazig.
31.8, Hürriyet reports that a Nigerian businessman,
Dennis Joel Imomion was beaten to death by a narcotic police team as
being taken to police centre on charges of smuggling drugs.
31.8, in Mersin, 32-year old Fesih Akar is shot dead
by a group of policemen as leaving a wedding ceremony.
31.8, in Istanbul, police detain three members of
the Labour Party (EP).
1.9, the celebration of the World Peace Day is
banned in the provinces of Izmir, Gaziantep and Diyarbakir. Besides, a
tract issued by the HADEP with the title of "That is enough!" is
confiscated in different provinces by the decision of state security
1.9, a provincial disciplinary committee decides to
send 64 teachers in Caycuma to tribunal for being tried on charges of
having participated in a protest demonstration.
1.9, in Istanbul, police take into custody about 30
employees of the super market Carrefour for their action against the
firing of their two colleagues.
1.9, security forces announce the arrest of 44
people in Istanbul and eight people in Sivas for having taken part in
DHKP/C activities. In Adiyaman, four peasants are placed under arrest
by a tribunal on charges of giving aid to PKK militants.
2.9, in Istanbul, 29-year old Emin Abay is shot dead
by a police team during a traffic control. Same day, again in Istanbul,
a policeman shoots dead a taxi driver, Sabri Yesilbag, during a
2.9, two students of the Diyarbakir University are
arrested in Diyarbakir.
3.9, in Soma, a provincial disciplinary committee
decides to send 18 teachers to tribunal to be tried for having
participated in a protest action.
3.9, two students of the Karsiyaka High School are
detained by police in Izmir and two others in Antalya.
4.9, in Hakkari, five HADEP members are taken into
5.9, an association of solidarity with prisoners,
TAYD-DER reports that the health of twelve female prisoners in the Usak
Prison is getting worse and worse because of the torture they had
5.9, the Court of Cassation ratifies a prison term
of four years and two months against a person accused of having
participated in Newroz demonstrations in Sirnak.
5.9, in Istanbul, the sister of the assassinated
journalist Metin Göktepe, Meryem Göktepe Türkmen and her visitor Nesrin
Yildirmazlar are detained by police raiding her house.
6.9, in Istanbul, Nedim Atman is reportedly
assassinated by the PKK on charges of having collaborated with the
7.9, in Mersin, the representatives of the
Democratic Platform and some journalists are harassed and detained
during a press conference in protest against the ban of the celebration
of the World Peace Day.
8.9, a 39-year old political prisoner, Ahmet Akkurt
reportedly commits suicide at the Special Type Prison of Bayrampasa in
Istanbul. He was sentenced to life prison for PKK activities and went
on hunger strike in protest against his transfer to another prison.
8.9, in Adana, police intervening in a meeting for
peace detain ten participants. One of the detainees, 55-year old Emine
Ökmen is gravely wounded and hospitalised.
8.9, in Hakkari, a political prisoner, Ali Yasar is
reportedly hospitalised as a result of the tortures he was subjected to.
9.9, in Hizan, Mehmet Can Gezici and Takdire Gezici
are killed and five peasants wounded at the explosion of a mine laid by
9.9, in Zonguldak, 81 teachers are indicted for
having participated in some protest actions.
9.9, the Diyarbakir SSC starts the trial of Vezir
Perisan, local chairman of the Municipal Employees' Union (Belediye-Is)
on charges of aiding the PKK.
9.9, the prosecutor of the Ankara SSC starts a legal
proceeding against the Chairman of the defunct Democracy and Peace
Party (DBP), Refik Karakoc, and the same party's Diyarbakir chairman
Semir Güzel for separatist propaganda.
9.9, in Adana, three provincial chairmen of the
Workers' Party (IP), Ecdet Güvel (Adana), Ibrahim Yigit (Antep) and
Hüseyin Güler (Hatay) are taken into custody for having organized a
meeting to demand the closure of the Incirlik Air Base.
10.9, in Ankara, 59 people are tried for having held
a press conference in front of the National Education Ministry to
announce the decision of the Alternative Education Council in May. Each
faces a prison term of up to three years.
10.9, in Adana, 26 people are taken into custody on
charges of aiding the PKK.
10.9, in Van, 65-year old Abit Yurtseven is found
11.9, two NCOs, Mehmet Peker and Ibrahim Dag, are
tried by the Ankara SSC for aiding the PKK and each faces a prison term
of up to 22.5 years.
11.9, in Adana, nine people are detained for MLKP
12.9, in Adana, security forces raiding a house
shoot dead Enver Bozcali, suspect of being PKK representative in the
area. All witnesses of this assassination are later taken into custody.
13.9, in Istanbul, a penal court starts the trial of
668 people accused of having participated or supported the protest
action of the parents of disappeared people. Among them are also the
chairman of the Socialist Power Party (SIP), Aydemir Güler, and the
Chairman of the Confederation of Public Servants' Trade Unions (KESK),
13.9, in Ankara, a protest action of the KESK is
prevented by security forces and about 30 public servants taken into
13.9, in Mersin, fifteen people are placed under
arrest by a tribunal on charges of being PKK members.
13.9, in Istanbul, ten alleged members of the TIKKO
are taken into custody.
14.9, security forces detain five HADEP members in
Van and three HADEP members in Diyarbakir.
14.9, in Bismil, five people are found shot dead
near to the village of Baharli. Three of the victims are identified as
Nasir Alan, Faik Oran and Nuri Yigit who had been detained by security
forces in Diyarbakir on September 8-9.
15.9, in Hakkari, five HADEP members are placed
under arrest by a penal court on charges of aiding the PKK.
16.9, HADEP Tarsus chairman Ahmet Kizmaz is indicted
by the Konya SSC for his speech at the 1996 Newroz celebrations. He is
accused of instigating the people to racial hatred.
16.9, in Ankara, a penal court sentences five
members of the Aczmendi brotherhood to fines of up to TL 2 million for
contravening the Law on Attire.
17.9, in Diyarbakir, an official of the municipal
workers' union Belediye-Is, Adem Güzel is taken into police custody.
17.9, in Edremit, 21-year old Canol Kaner who was
detained on September 11, is hospitalised because of the sexual torture
he underwent at police station. In Izmir, another victim of torture,
Kurbani Tektas is hospitalised because his artery was seriously damaged
17.9, in Adana, teacher Müslüm Yurtman is tried by a
penal court on charges of having insulted Atatürk. He faces a prison
term of up to five years.
17.9, in Hatay, two teachers, Ali Elaltuneri and
Servet Kavukoglu, are placed under arrest by a penal court. Both
declare to have been tortured during their police detention.
18.9, in Izmir, security forces announce the arrest
of seventeen people for participating in the activities of the
Revolutionary Communists' Union of Turkey (TIKB). In Istanbul, twenty
people are taken into police custody for being members of the MLKP.
18.9, the daily Demokrasi reports that four people,
three men and a woman, have been found assassinated in different
districts of Diyarbakir. Witnesses claim that one of the bodies belongs
to a man who had been detained by security forces.
18.9, in Elbistan, Ahmet Cerit, Cemal Karahan and
Fazli Karahan are found assassinated.
18.9, in Bingöl, four HADEP members are taken into
19.9, the Istanbul SSC starts to try twenty people
for having participated in the activities of the Communist Labour Party
of Turkey-Leninist (TKEP-L). Five defendants face capital punishment.
At their interrogation, all defendants claim to have been subjected to
torture. A female defendant says she miscarried her baby because of
19.9, police again detain 20 workers and trade
unionists during a protest action at the super market Carrefour.
19.9, in Adana, ten people including the parents of
Enver Bozcali who was shot dead by police on September 12 are taken
into police custody.
19.9, At the Aydin Prison, five political prisoners
are seriously wounded during a skirmish between prisoners and guards.
19.9, in Eruh, three children aged between 2 and 9
fall victims of the explosion of a mine laid by security forces, four
other children seriously wounded.
19.9, in Diyarbakir, a retired worker, Ensari Akalp
is assassinated by unidentified people attacking with hatchets.
21.9, in Diyarbakir, unidentified assailants shoot
dead municipal employee Nezir Cicek.
22.9, in Bursa, two alleged members of the TIKB are
taken into police custody.
23.9, the Istanbul SSC starts to try thirteen
members of the Islamist Action Organisation (IHÖ) on charges of having
assassinated secular intellectuals Turan Dursun and Cetin Emec as well
as some opponents of the Iranian regime. The defendants face prison
terms of up to 22 years and 6 months.
23.9, security forces detain four alleged PKK
members in Osmaniye.
24.9, the daily Demokrasi reports that soldiers shot
dead two peasants, Hüseyin Kuzu in Lice on September 31 and Selami
Tuncer in Antakya on September 22.
27.9, in Diyarbakir, a woman named Gönül Kutlu dies
after having fallen from the fourth floor of the Police Headquarters.
The police authorities claim that she committed suicide.
28.9, the Istanbul prosecutor starts a legal
proceeding against the Istanbul representative of the Human Rights
Foundation of Turkey (TIHV), Sükran Akin, on charge of having opened a
centre of therapy and rehabilitation for torture victims. She faces a
prison term of up to six months.
28.9, in Istanbul, a conference-debate on the
emergency rule is raided by security forces and about 30 participants
taken into custody.
30.9, in Mersin, two ÖDP officials, Abdurrahman
Yildiz and Hüseyin Gür are tried by a penal court for having organized
a meeting in protest against the ban on the celebration of the World
CAMPAIGN: ONE MILLION SIGNATURES FOR PEACE
A group of public figures has recently launched the
"One million signatures for peace" campaign. This pluralist and non
governmental initiative, started on October 25, with the simple slogan
"I want peace," aims to gather all peace-supporting groups, individuals
and establishments, regardless of their differences, together to put an
end to the ongoing conflict and to establish peace.
In the opening speech of the campaign, Esber
Yagmurdereli. a blind lawyer who has been imprisoned many times for his
opinions, said: "We never decided for war, but we can decide for peace.
Let death be silent and life speak up. Peace has been the most common
dream of humanity since the beginning of the world. Turkey's area has
witnessed more than 10 years of fighting. Dozens of people are killed
and injured everyday. Nearly 3,000 people are in custody. More than
three million have been exiled from their land. And the most important
thing is that all those things are considered normal. Social
insensitivity forms the common speciality of a population that has lost
its common dreams and future. We are accustomed to live through deaths.
We are always looking for reality, but there isn't any, we know where
it is, but we can't reach it.
"Our right to life is not secure in this country.
Unknown people decide about our lives. According to the needs of the
war policy, our dead bodies are shown to the public in the newspapers,
on TVs in forms of accursed or sacred funerals. We want to be together
in order to express our opinions and feelings. We want to write, to
speak. But the population is under the threat and domination of fear
and doubts, as a war is going on in this country with all its violence
-- whether or not it is of `low intensity.'
"Perhaps for very different reasons, we all want
peace. But we are dispersed and our voice is not loud. But we are the
ones who have responsibilities for the future of this country. We are
the ones who produce all the financial and spiritual values of this
country. We cannot leave the fate of our country only to politicians.
This is why we want peace, democracy and freedom. We need democracy in
order to secure and not to lose once again our freedom, and we need
peace in order to reach democracy. We have to come together and to make
our voices heard, at least as loudly as those who are asking for the
continuation of the war. What we have lost or what we will lose doesn't
matter too much, since there is a common future that we will gain."
The first signatures were given by famous writers,
journalists, artists, politicians and industrialists, such as CHP
member of parliament Aydin Güven Gürkan, the writer Adalet Agaoglu,
movie director Atif Yilmaz, ANAP member of parliament Bülent Akarcali,
Turkish Labor Unions Confederation (TURK-IS) chairman Bayram Meral,
journalist-writer Can Dündar, poet Can Yücel, RP member of parliament
Fethullah Erbas, DSP member of parliament Hakan Tartan, Dr. Haluk
Gerger, the industrialist Ishak Alaton and Confederation of Progressive
Workers' Unions (DISK) general secretary Kemal Daysal.
The petition will be given to the Turkish Grand
National Assembly, or parliament, in order to make heard the powerful
voice of those who are asking for peace.
AN ALEVI CULTURAL ORGANIZATION FACES CLOSURE
The Pir Sultan Abdal Cultural Association, an Alevi
organization, is facing danger of being closed down on charges that
speeches "that discriminate among religious denominations" were made in
the annual congress of its Ankara branch's in 1995.
The congress chairman and two other officials were
also put on trial on October 17 for responsibility in the incident and
face sentences of up to three years in prison.
The congress Chairman Kazim Genc, who is also the
head of the Contemporary Jurists Association (CHD) Ankara branch,
pleaded innocent to the charges against him and said the association
could not be held accountable for its members' conduct.
He said: "In my speech I stressed the importance of
preserving Alevi culture. My words can not be considered
discriminatory. Restrictions on associations prohibiting them from
political action have been lifted with the recent amendment in Article
33 of the Constitution. We had an appeal claiming that the Law on
Associations has not been brought in line with the Constitutional
amendment. Therefore the prosecutor's indictment asking for the
association to be closed is not justified."
The trial is going on in the Ankara Criminal Court
of First Instance.
ISLAMIST ATTACKS AGAINST A SECULAR PROFESSOR
Researcher-writer Professor Ilhan Arsel's recent
book, Stories from the Canonical Law attracted the attention of many
Islamists, so much so that a court ordered on August 9 the copies of
the book seized. The publishers of Arsel's work, Kaynak Publications,
too have become the target of the radical Islamists.
Writers and non Islamist intellectuals, reacting to
the confiscation of the book and the attacks against Arsel, said that
the forces ranged against the freedom of expression have once again
shown their real face.
Arsel has been called by Islamist circles as the
"Psycho Professor" and the "Second Salman Rushdie". Arsel discusses in
his book stories in the Koran with their historical origin. The radical
Islamists on the other hand see the book as insulting to Islamic
prophet Mohammed, his supporters and to Islamist values.
The threats and pressure directed towards Arsel and
Kaynak Publications are not limited to words, but have also extended to
The militants of the radical Islamist terror
organization, the Greater Islamist Eastern Raiders Front (IBDA-C)
attacked Kaynak Elektronik Magazine on August 5, mistaking it for
Stories from the Canonical Law went on sale on July
24. But the reactions to it only started after a test prepared to
introduce the book by Kurthan Fisek in Tempo magazine four weeks later.
The first reaction came from the newspaper Akit, a supporter of IBDA-C.
Two days after the publication of the piece in Tempo, Akit published an
article entitled "Tempo support for the Psychotic Professor". In the
article the book is presented as blasphemous.
In another article published in Akit dated August 8,
written by Abdülvahap Telci, it was said: "The book written by the
psychotic professor Ilhan Arsel and being on the shelves of the book
sellers for some time is not the first and only ugliness of the
publishing house that published it. Those persons injuring Islam and
its sacred values for years under the mask of freedom of expression,
will be absolutely punished. No one can doubt it".
Kaynak publishing house owner, Ismet Ögütücü, to the
TDN is that the extracts in Fisek's article that had caused the
arguments were not in the book, and that provocations had been aimed at
pressurizing democratic and secular writers and publishing houses.
The writer of the book, Ilhan Arsel, sent a letter
to the writer of Tempo, who is a university lecturer like himself, and
said that the phrases in his article which had caused a reaction did
not exactly belong to him. He also said the incidents in the book had
been based on the Publishers of Religious Works management and
mentioned that Fisek had apologized to prove his innocence.
As for Kurthan Fisek, he accepts that there is no
exact quotation of the book in the article, but says that there is
nothing there that contradicts Arsel's opinions.
SEPTEMBER REPORT ON THE VIOLATIONS OF PRESS FREEDOM
In September 1996, one journalist was killed,
another injured and five beaten, 13 journalists taken into custody, two
publications and a radio station closed down, 11 newspaper offices
searched, 14 newspapers and magazines were seized, according to a
report issued on October 6 by the Journalists' Union of Turkey (TGS).
The TGS report also indicated that journalists,
authors and publishers were sentenced to a total of 10 years and 8
months in prison, and a total fine of TL 3,437,666,000. Besides, a TL
9,400,000,000 fine is being demanded in pending cases.
TURKISH ACTOR ON TRIAL FOR KAFKA'S "TRIAL"
A Turkish actor faces up to three years in jail for
reciting a passage of Franz Kafka's novel "The Trial" in court to
Actor Mahir Günsiray has originally been on trial
with almost 100 other people who had published a banned book to draw
attention to Turkey's freedom of expression laws. During his
interrogation at the Istanbul SSC he had referred to Kafka's book.
The Istanbul SSC considered this gesture as an
insult against itself and started a second legal proceeding against the
TRIAL OF JOURNALIST METIN GÖKTEPE'S KILLERS
The trial of forty-eight police officers accused of
the murder of journalist Metin Göktepe in Istanbul on 8 January 1996
began on 18 October in Aydin. However, the delegation from Reporters
sans frontieres (RSF) present at the trial has serious concerns
regarding the conditions in which the hearings will take place.
None of the officers charged was present in Aydin.
While their absence may not be illegal, it is nonetheless both
surprising and worrying. Furthermore, it would seem that this is the
first time that people charged with murder have not been obliged to be
present during their trial. The judge deplored the fact that the
officers have yet to be heard by the public prosecutor. Moreover, none
of their statements has yet been transmitted to the Court.
Only five of the witnesses called on to give
evidence by the lawyers representing the Göktepe family were present.
It would seem that those who remained absent have been under pressure
not to testify. Last July, one of the principal witnesses for the
prosecution, Deniz Ozcan, was kidnapped and tortured.
RSF also has serious doubts about the choice of
Aydin, 600 kilometres from Istanbul, for the trial, and regrets that
demands to have the trial transferred to Istanbul were rejected.
Although the presiding judge has refused to restrict
public access to the hearings, RSF points out that the trial of
Göktepe's killers is, at this stage, neither fair nor equitable. Too
many hindrances to the judicial process have been noted. In particular,
Istanbul police chief Orhan Tasanlar, whose responsibility cannot be
denied in the death of Goktepe, does not yet figure among the accused.
YASAR KEMAL'S SENTENCE APPROVED BY HIGHER COURT
The Court of Cassation approved, on October 18, the
1.8-year prison term given to famous novelist Yasar Kemal Gökceli on
charges that he openly influenced citizens toward hatred and enmity by
observing class, race, religion, sect and regional public differences
in "Black Sky Over Turkey," a chapter of his book "Freedom of Thought,"
the Anatolia news agency reported.
The Istanbul SSC passed the prison sentence on
Gökceli but suspended it for a period of five years. In layman's terms,
if Gökceli commits the same crime during the next five years, the
sentence will stand. The court acquitted the writer of all charges for
another chapter in the same book.
Following the SSC's decision, Gökceli's attorney
Enver Nalbant had appealed to the Supreme Court of Appeals, claiming
that Article 312 of the Turkish Penal Code, under which Gökceli was
being tried, is unconstitutional, and demanded that the case be tried
at the Constitutional Court level.
MUSICIAN YURDATAPAN IMPRISONED FOR PEACEFUL ACTIVITIES
Composer and musician Sanar Yurdatapan was arrested
by the Ankara State Security Court on October 17 charged with
disseminating separatist propaganda, generally a reference to support
for Kurdish rights.
Yurdatapan was detained earlier in the week in
Istanbul immediately after attending a press conference with Tomris
Özden, wife of Col. Ridvan Özden who was killed last year in the
Southeast in mysterious circumstances during an operation against the
Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK).
Yurdatapan was charged with composing the music for
a documentary entitled "Kursun Kalem" (Pencil), broadcast by the
Kurdish television network MED-TV.
On 17 October 1996, Sanar Yurdatapan was
placed under arrest by the court and charged under Article 169 of the
Turkish Penal Code with "aiding and abetting illegal groups." The
charge reportedly stems from an appearance that he made on Kurdish
satellite television station MED-TV during which he signed a statement
condemning a reported assassination attempt against Kurdistan Workers'
Party (PKK) leader Abdullah Öcalan. He has been transferred to Ankara
Prison and his case is to be heard in the State Security Court.
"Freedom of Thought Platform" which Yurdatapan is
the spokesman is a group of 1008 intellectuals and writers who came
together to challenge Turkey's restrictive laws on free expression.
Yurdatapan told reporters as he was being taken to
prison pending his trial that he was being charged for his ideas and
expressed his belief that he would be found innocent.
He added that if he is not acquitted by Turkish
courts he would take his case to the European Court for Human Rights.
Yurdatapan's lawyer Senal Sarihan told reporters
that his client was not the producer of the documentary whose music he
was charged with composing.
Sarihan added that the producers of "Kursun Kalem"
had used Yurdatapan's music. He said that Yurdatapan did not know that
interviews with him had appeared on MED-TV, or that his music had been
used for a documentary prepared by this network.
Sarihan also said his client had told the prosecutor
he had signed the petition condemning the attempt on Öcalan's life
because he believed this would contribute to peace.
HRW REPORT'S TURKISH PUBLISHERS UNDER ACCUSATION
Prosecutors in Istanbul have brought charges against
Mr. Ertugrul Kürkcü and Ayse Nur Zarakolu for translating and
publishing a November 1995 report by the Human Rights Watch Arms
The report, Weapons Transfers and Violations of the
Laws of War in Turkey, was translated by Mr. Kürkcü and published in
May 1996 by Belge Publishing House in Istanbul, of which Mrs. Zarakolu
Both Ms. Zarakolu and Mr. Kürkcü have been charged
under Article 159/1 of the Turkish Penal Code for "defamation and
belittling of the state's security and military forces".
Representatives of Human Rights Watch (HRW) issued a
statement protesting against the charges laid against Mr. Kürkcü and
Mrs. Zarakolu, neither of whom have any direct link with HRW and
neither of whom played any part in the production of the report.
"Rather than punishing the messengers, the Turkish
government should punish the abusers and end the impunity that has
allowed violations by the security forces to continue for so long,"
said the director of the HRW Arms Project, Mr. Joost Hiltermann.
The HRW Arms Project report on Turkey provided
witness testimony of serious and widespread abuses committed by both
the Turkish security forces, using U.S. and European supplied weapons,
and the outlawed Kurdish Workers' Party
in their ongoing conflict in the south east of the country.
"Both the Turkish government and arms supplying
western governments are bound by treaty obligations to protect human
rights," says the HRW statement. "A couple of the cases highlighted in
the report had previously also been publicized in the Turkish press.
This underscores the arbitrary nature of the charges brought against
the reports translator and publisher."
A large extract of this report was published in the
earlier issues of Info-Türk.
PERINCEK SENTENCED TO 26-MONTH PRISON
The Ankara State Security Court No.1 sentenced the
Workers' Party (IP) Chairman Dogu Perincek, on October 15, to two years
and two months in prison and ordered him to pay a fine of TL
116,166,000, for spreading separatist propaganda in the speeches he
delivered prior to the 1991 general election.
Mehmet Cengiz, one of the lawyers who defended
Perincek at the hearing, said under the amendment carried in Article 8
of the Anti-Terrorism Law, the crime which his client was alleged to
have committed no longer constituted a
crime, therefore he (Perincek) should be acquitted.
Attorney Ali Kalan, who also defended Perincek,
requested that the court take into consideration the principle of
individuality of punishments, because the documents provided in the
dossier of his client had previously been evaluated during the closure
of the Socialist Party. Kalan said that a second punishment could not
be given for the same issue.
He continued that Perincek had made the speeches
which were now the subject of the current case as a chairman of the
now-defunct Socialist Party. He added that the
views which Perincek had then delivered were the views of the Socialist
Party which was then a legal entity.
The court had earlier sentenced Perincek to a
two-year prison term but that ruling had been reversed two times by the
JOURNALIST ISIK YURTCU AWARDED BY THE CPJ
The Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) decided
at the end of October to give one of its "Press Freedom Awards" this
year to Ocak Isik Yurtcu, the imprisoned former editor in chief of
now-defunct Özgür Gündem, a daily defending the rights of Kurdish
people and closed down by the Turkish government.
CPJ said Yurtcu was selected for the award due to
his "extraordinary devotion to the principles of press freedom through
extensive and balanced reporting of the Kurdish conflict in principled
defiance of Turkish government censorship orders."
Yurtcu is currently serving a 15-year sentence,
upheld on appeal in December 1994, for "disseminating separatist
propaganda," in accordance with the Anti-Terror Law and Article 312 of
the Turkish Penal Code.
Other selected award winners are three journalists
from Mexico, India and Israel-controlled Palestinian territories.
"The journalists we honor this year with Press
Freedom Awards have courageously provided independent news coverage and
viewpoints under extraordinary circumstances," said CPJ Executive
Director William A. Orme, Jr. "They have placed their lives and careers
on the line every day, and journalists everywhere are in their debt."
PRESSURE ON THE MEDIA IN LAST TWO MONTHS
3.8, the Istanbul SSC confiscates the periodicals
Odak, N°56, Atilim, Special N°3, and Proleter Dogrultu, N°6, on charges
of separatist propaganda and instigation to hatred and hostility.
4.8, the governor of the Sisli district in Istanbul
bans the representation of the play Pir Sultan Abdal by the Ankara
Birlik Theatre. Besides, the theatre director, Mrs. Gül Göker is taken
4.8, in Istanbul, security forces raiding the Tohum
Cultural Centre detain the centre's owner, Pinar Tamis Akpinar, the
director, Sevim Kalman, and two other persons.
6.8, in Devrek, a local radio station, Devrek'in
Sesi, is banned from broadcasting by the decision of the
Radio-Television Higher Board (RTÜK).
6.8, the Bursa correspondents of the periodical
Alinteri, Özgür Akbaba and Sabahat Yaman, as well as a reader, Celal
Gül, who were detained in July, are placed under arrest by a local
7.8, two correspondents of the periodical Özgür
Gelecek, Bektas Toptas and Hülya Falcioglu, are detained by police as
they are leaving the Tohum Cultural Centre in Istanbul.
7.8, a correspondent of the periodical Kizilbayrak,
Metin Yildirim, and his wife Zekiye Yildirim are taken into custody on
charges of being members of the illegal organization Ekim.
8.8, the Secretary of the Human Rights Association
(IHD), Erol Anar is indicted by the Istanbul SSC Prosecutor for his
book entitled The History of Human Rights. Under the charge of
separatism, Anar faces an imprisonment of up to three years. The
publisher of the book, Özcan Sapan too will be tried under Article 8 of
8.8, the issues N°45 and 46 of the periodical Yeni
Demokrat Genclik are confiscated by the Istanbul SSC. Same day, the
August issue of the periodical Kaldirac is confiscated by a penal court
on charges of insulting the Republic of Turkey.
10.8, in Adana, a representative of the periodical
Odak, Mahir Yilmaz Sari claims to have been tortured after his
detention on August 8.
12.8, in Adana, two correspondents of the periodical
Kizilbayrak, Gülten Üstüner and Mahir Kayir are taken into police
12.8, in Mersin, five journalists, Yeter Özcan and
Bayram Dana (Özgür Cukurova), Ethem Aciklani and Mehmet Kargilar
(Kurtulus), Eylem Ileri (Tavir) as well as twenty other people are
detained during a ceremony commemorating a left-wing political activist
who fell victim of a police attack one year ago.
12.8, the last issues of the periodicals Proleter
Halkin Birligi, Kurtulus and Özgürlük are confiscated by the Istanbul
SSC for separatist propaganda.
14.8, the periodical Hedef, N°58, is confiscated by
the Istanbul SSC. Same day, the Adana office of the periodical Nu Roj
is raided and searched by a police team.
16.8, the Istanbul SSC sentences the former editor
of the daily Evrensel, Ali Erol, to two years in prison and TL560
thousand in fine for news reports about the police raids on Kurdish
quarters. The tribunal also decides to suspend the daily's publication
for one month. So, the total duration of bans decided by tribunals
rises to 125 days.
17.8, the last issue of the daily Evrensel is
confiscated by the Istanbul SSC on charges of praising outlawed
18.8, the Istanbul SSC confiscates the periodical
Partizan Sesi, N°44, for the propaganda of the Workers'-Peasants'
Liberation Army of Turkey (TIKKO).
19.8, in Ankara, a book entitled The Panorama of
Human Rights in Turkey, published by the IHD, is confiscated by the
decision of the Ankara SSC for separatist propaganda.
19.8, the periodicals Özgür Gelecek, N°79, and Nu
Roj, N°2, are confiscated by the Istanbul SSC for inciting the people
to hatred and hostility.
19.8, in Istanbul, lawyer Ahmet Düzgün Yüksel and
two musicians, Suat Kaya (from Group Yorum) and Kazim Arslan (from
Özgürlük Türküsü) are taken into custody at the Justice Palace of
Istanbul when they trying to introduce to Public Prosecutor's office a
complaint against the Justice Minister.
21.8, the issue N°62 of the periodical Kervan become
the object of a double confiscation. The Istanbul SSC and a penal court
of Istanbul issue same day two different warrants of confiscation for
the same articles in the review.
22.8, in Istanbul, the publisher of the periodical
Vanguard Patriotic Youth, Hülya Özveren, and her three collaborators,
Pinar Günyel, Tekin Bozkurt and Demet Uzun, are taken into custody on
charges of being members of the Patriotic Youth Union (YCK), allegedly
a side-organization of the PKK.
23.8, the Izmir SSC places under arrest two
employees of the magazine Kizil Bayrak, Mesut Akcay and Irfan Sayginer.
Same day, four other employees of the same magazine too are placed
under arrest: Mahir Kayir and Gülten Üstün in Adana and Metin Yildirim
and Fatos Cal in Istanbul.
24.8, in Diyarbakir, the studios of the Can TV are
raided by security forces by police while a programme on the Kurdish
Question and Peace is on the air. They also take into custody HADEP
provincial chairman Abdullah Akin, DBP provincial chairman Semir Güzel,
the Diyarbakir Bar Association Secretary Sabahattin Cetin and IHD
official Vedat Cetin for participating in this programme.
25.8, the periodical Devrimci Cözüm, N°26, is
confiscated by the Istanbul SSC for separatist propaganda.
25.8, as a victim of the police raid in Istanbul of
August 20, Senem Adali, is being buried, security forces take emergency
measures to prevent any protest. The spokesman of the Platform for
Rights and Freedoms, Oya Gökbayrak, and ten journalists are taken into
custody along with about sixty people. This operation is followed in
the afternoon by the detention of about 150 people.
27.8, a former DYP deputy, Abdülmelik Firat, is
indicted by the Istanbul prosecutor for having insulted the National
Assembly in his article published by the daily Demokrasi on June 16.
Firat and Ali Zeren, responsible editor of Demokrasi, each faces a
prison term of up to six years.
27.8, the RTÜK orders to close Radio Mosaic in
Ankara for one day on charges of using "Mister" when talking of PKK
leader Öcalan and qualifying the war against the PKK as a "dirty war."
28.8, the Istanbul SSC confiscates two books on
charges of separatist propaganda: Özlem/Garod (Nostalgia) by Hraçya
Kocar and The Short History of the Kurds in the 19th Century by Kaws
Kaftan. The tribunal also confiscates the first issue of a new Islamist
magazine, Siyah Bayrak.
28.8, the RTÜK orders to close Ekim TV in Trabzon
for two days and the Radio Sok in Mersin for one day for their
29.8, the Culture Ministry refuses to give
permission for a concert by famous musician Zülfü Livaneli in Ankara on
the occasion of the World Peace Day.
30.8, Mrs. Ayse Nur Zarakolu, director of the Belge
Publishing House, is put in prison to serve five-month imprisonment for
publishing Faysal Dagli's book entitled Brakuji-Civil War of Kurds.
30.8, a peace festival organized in Diyarbakir by
HADEP is forbidden.
30.8, Izmir representative of the periodical
Alinteri, Ali Eksi is taken into police custody.
31.8, a correspondent of the periodical Proleter
Halkin Birligi, Selvan Yazar is detained by police in Istanbul as
covering a funeral ceremony.
1.9, the Istanbul SSC confiscates Özgür Gelecek,
N°80, and Proleter Halkin Birligi, N°20, for separatist propaganda.
2.9, the Istanbul SSC confiscates the weekly
Express, N°132, and the periodical Partizan Sesi, N°45, for separatist
2.9, a correspondent of Kizil Bayrak, Gönül
Sayginer, is taken into custody in Istanbul along with a doctor and a
teacher as covering a press conference held a group of workers on
strike at Hyatt Regency Hotel.
3.9, the Ankara SSC confiscates the monthly review
Yeniden and a press communiqué of the Labour Party (EP) on the World
4.9, the governor's office in Istanbul bans the
distribution of a tract issued by the Democracy and Peace Party (DBP)
on the World Peace Day. Same day, the Istanbul SSC confiscates the
daily Evrensel for separatist propaganda.
5.9, the Istanbul SSC starts to try two journalists
of the Radio Cevre for their programme on the assassination of eleven
peasants in Güclükonak on January 15. Chief editor Mine Türe and
Programme Director Seyit Soydan face prison terms of up to six years.
5.9, the periodical Odak, N°57, is confiscated by
the Istanbul SSC for separatist propaganda.
7.9, security forces raid the offices of Kurtulus
and Tavir in Adana and confiscate many printed materials.
8.9, in Istanbul, 63-year old journalist Turgay
Daloglu is found assassinated and later burnt in his house.
8.9, the Izmir office of the periodical Alinteri is
raided by police and two journalists, Ali Eksi and Ayca Taskaya taken
8.9, RTÜK bans the broadcasting of the Radio FM
Marmara Iletisim in Istanbul on charges of not having fulfilled some
9.9, in Istanbul, police raiding the office of the
periodical Kurtulus detain two correspondents, Banu Güdenoglu and
10.9, the former chairmen of the Petroleum Workers'
Trade Union (Petrol-Is), Münir Ceylan is sentenced by the SSC to 16
months in prison and a fine of TL 133 million for an interview to the
periodical Ada in 1995. The tribunal also sentences the responsible
editor Atakan Sayin to a fine of 100 million and bans the periodical's
publication for one month.
10.9, the Istanbul SSC confiscates the periodical
Alinteri for separatist propaganda.
12.9, a press conference organized at the Taksim
Square in Istanbul by democratic organization on the occasion of the
anniversary of the 1980 Coup is banned by authorities and many people
gathered in the square are taken into custody.
12.9, a book written by former DYP deputy Abdülmelik
Firat, Euphrates Is Running in Sadness, is confiscated by the Istanbul
SSC for separatist propaganda.
12.9, a penal court of Istanbul confiscates the
periodical Gencligin Sesi, N°17, on charges of insulting security
13.9, the sister of the assassinated journalist
Ferhat Tepe, Mükrime Tepe is taken into custody in Istanbul after she
visited her sister Ayse Tepe under detention. Ferhat Tepe,
correspondent of the daily Özgür Gündem, had been assassinated in 1993
after being kidnapped by police in Bitlis. Another relative, Sayfettin
Tepe, correspondent of the Yeni Politika, too had been assassinated
following his detention in 1995 at the Bitlis Police Headquarters.
Father Isak Tepe, in the fear that her daughter too may be victim of
police terror, applies to the Justice Ministry with the demand of
preventing Mükrime Tepe's transfer to the Bitlis Police Headquarters.
13.9, four members of the musical group Yorum, Kemal
Sahir Gürel, Ufuk Satilmis Lüker, Irsad Aydin and Özcan Senver are
tried by the Istanbul SSC on charges of being members of the DHKP-C.
Each faces a prison term of up to 15 years.
13.9, political police detain Atilim correspondent
Ilkay Sezici during a visit to the Bayrampasa Prison in Istanbul.
16.9, the periodical Hedef, N°59, is confiscated by
the Istanbul SSC for separatist propaganda.
19.9, the Istanbul SSC decides to ban the
publication of the periodical Proleter Halkin Birligi for one month and
sentences the publisher to a fine of TL 72 million. Besides, Alinteri,
N°81, and the newsletter of the Union of Working Women (EKB), N°10, are
confiscated by the same court.
20.9, the Istanbul SSC sentences the editor of the
periodical Newroz Atesi, Nedime Tunc, to one year and four months in
prison and TL 133 million in fine for separatist propaganda. In
another trial, the responsible editor of the review Barikat, Zekeriya
Özdinc, and two other contributors, Ertugrul Karakas and Özer
Degistirici, are sentenced each to 16-month imprisonment and a fine of
TL 133 million.
22.9, in Adana, two journalists, Mehmet Kargilar
(Kurtulus) and Eylem Ileri (Tavir) are placed under arrest by a penal
23.9, in Izmir, three people are detained as taking
to Buca Prison some issues of the periodical Kurtulus. Same day, the
offices of Kurtulus and the Aegean Cultural Centre are raided by police.
24.9, in Adana, the local office of the periodical
Kizil Bayrak is raided by security forces.
25.9, the Istanbul SSC sentences two directors of
the Evrensel Publishing House, Semra Caralan and Songül Özkan, to eight
years in prison and TL 133 million in fine each for having published a
book entitled A reportage on the Revolutionary Communist Party of
25.9, two collaborators of the periodical Kurtulus,
Mehmet Tanrici and Mehmet Artakoglu are taken into custody when they
bring this publication to the National Assembly in Ankara.
26.9, the director of the Yurt Publishing House,
Ünsal Öztürk is put in Ankara Central Prison for serving his
imprisonment of twelve months. After twelve months he will remain in
prison for a longer period because he refuses to pay a fine of TL 1
billion for his publications.
27.9, a cultural festival organized in Divrigi is
banned by the decision of the provincial council.
28.9, a book entitled Rose Image of Nostalgia,
written by journalist Hafiz Akdemir, assassinated in 1992 in
Diyarbakir, is confiscated by the Istanbul SSC prosecutor for
29.9, Proleter Halkin Birligi, N°22, and the latest
issue of Kurtulus are confiscated by the Istanbul SSC for separatist
30.9, security forces raiding a local office of the
periodical Kurtulus detain correspondent Bülent Görgülü.
30.9, in Turgutlu, six people are taken into custody
for having looked at Kurdish Med-TV programmes.
THE GOVERNMENT FAILED IN GAINING THE IMF'S SUPPORT
The Turkish Government's efforts to get the support
of the International Monetary Fund, for the second time in two years,
seem to have failed this time.
At the end of a IMF mission to Turkey in October,
headed by Martin Hardy, no standby agreement with the IMF has been
agreed to and none seems to be in the offing in the near future,
reports the Turkish Daily News on October 28. Talks between the two
will continue early next year.
After a two-week examination, the IMF team
apparently expressed its concern over Turkey's ambitious 1997 budget
targets and urged the government to implement an urgent and
comprehensive stabilisation program, one that addressed the high
inflation rate and external deficits in particular. The mission also
made it clear that the fund is wary of the growing social security
After the completion of their final report, the IMF
team will submit their findings to the fund's board who will then
decide the best way to assist Turkey. It is expected that the IMF will
most likely urge Turkey to revise its 1997 targets before an agreement
on possible new loans would be given.
The government presented to Parliament a
"zero-deficit" budget recently. The budget predicted that revenues
would reach $8.5 billion thanks to the selling off of state assets and
a minority stake in the telecommunications giant Turk Telekom. The IMF
team expressed serious doubts as to whether such a level of income
could be achieved.
As the relations with the IMF were deteriorating,
Prime Minister Erbakan challenged the West by claiming that the Welfare
Party (RP) has become a model for the world through its planned and
disciplined work, likening the party to the Turkish army.
Speaking at a meeting of RP provincial chairmen and
inspectors on October 27, Erbakan said that the entire world was
watching the party. "The RP, through its disciplined work, is the party
of not only Turkey or Islam, but the salvation party of all mankind."
Contrary to the reports of the Turkish press,
Erbakan claimed that the IMF officials called the new budget as the
"greatest event of the decade."
ALARMING INJUSTICE IN INCOME DISTRIBUTION
Official statistics show continuing imbalances in
the distribution of income with the top fifth of the population
receiving more than half of the country's total revenues.
The State Institute of Statistics (DIE) said on
October 18 that 54.9 percent of the total disposable income was going
to the top 20 percent of the population. In contrast, 20 percent of the
population with lowest income was receiving only 4.9 percent of the
On the other hand, the daily Cumhuriyet of October
16 revealed that roughly one-third of the Turkish population live in
poverty, unable to afford a daily food supply which would give them
more than 2,450 calories. That is, this fraction of Turks are living
below the poverty line.
According to a report prepared by the Turkish
Economic and Social Studies Foundation, some 20 million persons in
Turkey have less than $27.30 a month for food expenditures.
CHILDREN MAKE UP 34 PERCENT OF WORK FORCE IN TURKEY
The general secretary of the Turkish Confederation
of Labor Unions (Turk-Is), Salih Kilic, said on October 10 that 3.5
million workers, out of a total work force of 11 million, are children
and that it is both a social and ethical duty to stop child labor.
"We have been working with the International Labor
Organization (ILO) for three years in order to prevent child labor,"
said Kilic. "The using of child labour is mainly due to the unjust
distribution of income, and due to the cheapness of child labour. The
most important step to prevent child labour is to raise the duration of
compulsory education to eight and to strengthen the state's control
mechanisms," said Kilic.
The representative of the Labour and Social Security
Ministry, Ramazan Güclü, who is also the head of the Labour Inspection
Commission, said that 200 million children work illegally world-wide
and that in Turkey there are 3.5 million child labourers aged between
12 and 19. He said that 34 percent of all children and young people are
actively participating in working life and that 1 million children aged
between 6 and 14 are actively working. Forty-five percent of child
workers are not older than 16 years old and 56 percent of them has no
right to take annual leave. Fifty-one percent of them are working
AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL'S CAMPAIGN ON TURKEY
Amnesty International, on October 1, launched a very
extended campaign on the violation of human rights in Turkey.
Announcing a 13-point plan to improve the situation Amnesty
International pledged a world-wide public awareness campaign.
The AI plan includes the abolition of incommunicado
detention and shortening of the 30-day maximum period of police
detention; ensuring that all detainees are properly registered as a
safeguard against disappearances; and the reform or repeal of Article 8
of the Anti-Terrorism Law to ensure that freedom of expression is a
genuine right for all citizens.
At a press conference held on October 1 in Istanbul,
AI Secretary General Pierre Sane blamed successive Turkish governments
for thinking that the violation of human rights was a necessity to
maintain national security, and for trying to blame all the violations
on the conflict in the Southeast.
The Turkish Foreign Ministry replied that the AI
findings included "nothing new." In a written statement the ministry
said Amnesty International was merely continuing to repeat old
allegations without acknowledging any of the positive developments that
had taken place in Turkey.
"As always the AI report is one-sided and ill
intentioned," the Foreign Ministry said.
In a second move, an international delegation from
Amnesty International participated, on October 26, in the Saturday
Mothers protest at Galatasaray, Istanbul, the traditional gathering of
relatives of persons who have disappeared in police custody.
AI's researcher on Turkey, Carsten Jurgensen, said
that these activities were only the beginning of a major campaign
against the human rights violations and disappearances in custody in
The AI delegation consists of relatives of persons
who have disappeared in custody from around the world, including
Bosnia, Lebanon, Taiwan, Pakistan, Columbia and Argentina.
Randi Skeie of the Norwegian section of Amnesty
said: "Turkey is the country with the fastest growing rate of
involuntary disappearances in recent years. Ten years ago, people in
Turkey were not disappearing in custody in Turkey, but since then
disappearances have gained momentum."
Filiz Karakus of the Committee for the Disappeared
outlined the development of the Saturday Mothers experience in Turkey.
Karakus said that by the end of the year 1994, there were a total of
295 missing persons. The disappearance of Huseyin Toroman in 1994
became a turning point for people who were concerned with
disappearances. In 1995, when Hasan Ocak disappeared, determination of
his family to find their son's body encouraged the human rights
activists to launch a campaign against increasing disappearances in
Karakus pointed out that with the Saturday Mothers
protest there is no concern about the reason of involuntary
disappearance, the only criterion is to go missing under custody.
A representative of the Mothers of Plaza de Mayo of
Argentina -- the inspiration of all the similar protests around the
world -- Mirta Acuna de Baravalles, was another speaker at the press
HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH DEFENDS THE TIHV
The Human Rights Watch (HRW), on October 31, sent
the Turkish Justice Minister a letter condemning two upcoming trials
against administrators in the Istanbul and Adana offices of the Human
Rights Foundation of Turkey (TIHV).
The charges in two separate cases were brought in
March and September 1996 and are based on the fact that, according to
authorities, the centres were "unlicensed" and did not inform the
police of the information patients provided. HRW considers that the
real reason behind the charges was the harassment of the Foundation,
since the documentation provided by the Turkish group was used by
foreign embassies and organizations as well as groups within Turkey to
document human rights abuses by both the government and illegal
organizations such as the PKK.
"It is extremely disappointing to learn that your
ministry has chosen to open another case against the Foundation, rather
than dismiss the charges in the first case," HRW executive director
Holly Cartner said in the letter.
EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT CONDEMNS TURKISH REGIME
Disappointed with the human rights record in Turkey,
the European Parliament condemned the Turkish regime two times in last
one month and opened the way to freezing EU aid to Turkey.
First, on September 19, the European Parliament
passed a resolution demanding all European Union aid to Turkey be
Six of the Parliament's eight political groups
supported the resolution saying "human rights abuses are still going on
in Turkey." The resolution also accuses the Turkish regime of fomenting
tension by actions such as "provocations in the Aegean Sea and Cyprus
and aggression in northern Iraq."
During the debates, European parliamentarians
expressed their anger against Tansu Ciller who openly fooled them last
year for obtaining the ratification of the Customs Union between Turkey
This first resolution reads:
"The European Parliament,
" having regard to its previous resolutions on
"A. with particular reference to its resolution of
13 December 1995 on the human rights situation in Turkey, adopted in
connection with its assent to the EU Turkey customs union, in which the
improvements promised by the then Prime Minister Tansu Ciller in the
areas of democratization and human rights, progress in the Cyprus
question and a peaceful solution to the Kurdish problem were emphasised
as the firm expectations of the new contractual relationship between
the European Union and Turkey,
"B. having regard to the recent judgement of the
European Court on Human Rights on the human rights situation in Turkey,
"C. whereas, since the establishment of the customs
union, the human rights situation in Turkey has noticeably deteriorated
and no appreciable progress has been made towards democratization,
while external tensions, such as provocations in the Aegean Sea and
Cyprus and aggression in northern Iraq, have multiplied,
"D. deploring the fact that Leyla Zana, winner of
the Sakharov Prize, and three other DEP ex parliamentarians of Kurdish
origin are still in prison despite appeals from the European Parliament
and from all over the world,
"E. deeply concerned at the military operations
recently conducted by the Turkish armed forces in eastern Turkey and
their refusal to seek ways of reaching a peaceful settlement of the
conflict in Kurdistan,
"F. whereas, in signing several international
agreements, including the Council of Europe's Convention on Human
Rights, Turkey has committed itself to guaranteeing human rights and
multi party democracy,
"G. whereas the negotiations on the accession of
Cyprus will begin six months after the conclusion of the
"H. appalled at the brutal, cold blooded killing of
two young unarmed Cypriots by Turkish soldiers supported by Turkish
paramilitary forces at the demarcation line of the occupied part of the
"I. deploring the many incidents in the neutral
zone, which have claimed several victims from both sides of the
"J. concerned at the Turkish authorities' plan to
set up a 'security zone' in northern Iraq, in violation of
"1. Demands that the Turkish Government explain
clearly its position to the European Union in the four
areas human rights, democratization, the Cyprus question
and the Kurdish problem raised in Parliament's above
mentioned resolution of 13 December 1995, which was the basis for its
assent to the customs union;
"2. Expects the Turkish Government to confirm the
obligations ensuing from its signing of the agreement on the customs
"3. Declares that the continuing human rights
violations in Turkey are in conflict with the letter and spirit of the
agreement and irreconcilable with the specific financial aid
instruments and the MEDA programme;
"4. Decides, therefore, to begin the procedure for
entering in the reserve the appropriations relating to the EC Turkey
"5. Calls on the Commission, for the same reason, to
block, with immediate effect, all appropriations set aside under the
MEDA programme for projects in Turkey, except those concerning the
promotion of democracy, human rights and civil society, pending
clarification of unresolved questions and improvements in the above
"6. Condemns vigorously the killing of Anastasios
Isaak and Solomos Solomou by Turkish soldiers and paramilitary forces
and calls for all those who took part in these killings to be arrested
"7. Urges the Turkish Government to accept and apply
the UN resolutions that call, in particular, for the withdrawal of the
occupying military forces and for a fair and viable solution to the
Cyprus question and appeals to the Government of Cyprus and to the
leadership of the Turkish Cypriot community to continue to look for a
peaceful solution to the Cyprus problem in accordance with the UN
Security Council resolutions;
"8. Believes it to be more than ever necessary to
open the negotiations on the accession of Cyprus six months after the
conclusion of the Intergovernmental Conference in order to defuse an
explosive situation and emphasises that the security of the two Cypriot
communities should take precedence over any other consideration;
"9. Denounces in the strongest possible terms
Turkey's intention to create a security zone in northern Iraq, seeing
this as a grave violation of international law, and calls on the
Council to persuade Turkey to abandon this plan."
Observing that the Turkish regime had no intention to change its
anti-democratic and anti-European stand, the European Parliament voted
on October 24 to block hundreds of millions of dollars of aid to help
Ankara set up a customs union with the European Union.
In addition, the Parliament voted to review
substantial financing for Turkey from the EU's MEDA programme, through
which up to 842 million Ecus was envisaged for Mediterranean countries
Reaction to the resolution, Foreign Minister Ciller
said: "It is a biased resolution. It is a sign of injustice to Turkey."
EP MEMBER DECLARED PERSONA NON GRATA IN TURKEY
A member of the European Parliament, Angelika Beer
(Greens/Germany) has been declared persona non grata in Turkey.
Beer came to Turkey on July 27 and held a series of
talks with political prisoners and the Justice Minister Sevket Kazan.
During these talks, the German Embassy in Ankara informed Beer that she
had to leave Turkey immediately because of the decision of the Turkish
Thereupon, Angelica Beer left Turkey on August 2.
EUROPEAN COURT FINDS TURKEY GUILTY FOR THE FIRST-TIME
The European Court of Human Rights condemned Turkey
on September 16 for the first time in a case involving the Southeast
where security forces are pitted against PKK militants.
The Strasbourg-based court ruled that Turkey had
violated the European Convention on Human Rights because its forces had
destroyed a village in the Southeast.
The case related to an application made by Huseyin
Adivar and six of his friends from the village of Kelekci, near
Diyarbakir, to the European Commission on Human Rights. Adivar
and his friends had alleged that their houses had been burned down by
Turkish security forces in 1992 following an attack by the PKK on a
nearby gendarmerie station.
In its defense, the Turkish government argued that
these houses were burned by the PKK itself and that the security
forces, while searching the village, had done no harm at all.
Turkey also argued that the plaintiffs had not gone through the proper
procedures for applying to the European Court because they had not
sought full recourse in the Turkish courts.
Under normal circumstances the European Commission
asks the applicants to exhaust all legal possibilities in their own
country before applying to the European Court of Human Rights. This
stipulation is, however, increasingly being waived in cases involving
Turkey. The European Court of Human rights found that Turkish security
forces were to blame and ruled that the "deliberate setting alight of
the plaintiffs' houses was a grave violation of their right to respect
of their family life, home and property".
The court ordered Turkey to pay the applicants a sum
covering costs and expenses and recommended negotiations on further
compensation. It was the first time the court, whose jurisdiction takes
precedence over national courts, had heard a case involving Kurdish
charges of human rights violations by Turkey. Several other similar
complaints have been filed in Strasbourg.
The court also ruled that Turkey had failed to
comply with her obligation not to hinder the effective exercise of the
right of individual petition to the Human Rights Commission.
RUSSIA: "SAINT SOPHIA SHOULD NOT BE OPENED TO ISLAMIC PRAYERS"
The Welfare Party's intention to reopen the
Byzantine church of Saint Sophia (Aya Sofya) in Istanbul to Islamic
prayers has led to reactions in the Orthodox circles.
Aya Sofya had been turned into a mosque on the
Islamic conquest of the city in 1453 and was then turned into a museum
at the order of Atatürk after the founding or the Republic
On September 4, a spokesman for the Russian Ministry
of Foreign Affairs voiced that country's disquiet at the RP's intention.
At the press conference, Mihail Demurin, said that
it would be better if Ankara avoided these kinds of enterprises. "The
statute of Saint Sophia, unfortunately, is always on the agenda of
Turkey. Also these sometimes include political agitations. We should
not forget that, in the long term, this will effect the international
relations of Turkey, including with Russia."
Other countries, such as Greece, with large Orthodox
Christian populations such as Russia, have also expressed concern at
TURKEY IS ON THE UK'S BLACK LIST
A long awaited white list of countries, from which
the asylum applications will be considered as bogus, was announced on
October 17 in the House of Commons, leaving Turkey on the "black list"
"The white list country means that there is not a
need for fear of persecution to flee home to seek asylum in Britain," a
Home Office spokesman said.
The announcement came after a Cabinet meeting as to whom to be included
on the list. Turkey's name was not included on the white countries
list, thus marking it as a country where applications for political
asylum may well be genuine. Despite some support for the diplomatic
effort to include The white list includes Bulgaria,
Cyprus, Ghana, India, Pakistan, Poland and Romania.
US AND EU DEPLORE KILLING OF GREEK-CYPRIOT
The United States declared on October 16 that it
"deeply regrets and condemns" killing of a Greek-Cypriot who crossed
into the territory of Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC).
Nicholas Burns, State Department spokesman said:
"The use of deadly force under the circumstances was unwarranted and
unnecessary. The United States urges all sides in Cyprus to avoid
violence, to work closely with the United Nations, to establish
mechanisms to peacefully addressing events along the buffer zone."
Next day, the European Union presidency spoke out
against the shooting of a Greek Cypriot civilian by the soldiers of the
forces of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus. "The EU deplores the
latest tragic death as all the deaths that occur in Cyprus," the
The statement, which carefully refrained from
blaming any particular side, said that the EU fully endorsed the
principle that deadly force should not be used against any person who
crosses the border that divides the island.